Different Types of Acne Vulgaris or Cystic Acne – On the Face

Acne develops as a result of blockages in follicles, enlargement of sebaceous glands and increase in sebum production.  Comedones are the direct result of sebaceous glands’ becoming clogged with sebum, a naturally occurring oil, and dead skin cells.  In these conditions, a bacterium can cause inflammation, leading to inflammatory lesions (papules, infected pustules, or nodules), which result in redness and may result in scarring or hyperpigmentation.

Acne Vulgaris – Skin Disease o (2)

Characteristics:

  • Seborrhea – scaly red skin

  • comedones – blackheads and whiteheads

  • papules – pinheads

  • pustules – pimples

  • nodules – large papules

  • possibly scarring

Acne affects mostly skin with the densest population of sebaceous follicles (face, upper chest and the back).

Acne occurs most commonly during adolescence, and often continues into adulthood (adolescent acne – caused by an increase in male sex hormones which both genders accrue).

Some of the large nodules (“cysts”) are severe cases of inflammatory acne. Cystic acne affects deeper skin tissue.

Acne scars are the result of inflammation within the dermis brought on the by acne.

The scar is created by the wound trying to heal itself resulting in too much collagen in one spot.  Physical acne scars are often referred to as “icepick” scars.  This is because the scars rend to cause an indentation in the skin surface.

Pigmented scars are usually the result of nodular or cystic acne (the painful “bumps”) lying under the skin.

Causes

Hormonal

Hormonal activity such as menstrual cycles and puberty may contribute to acne formation.   Several hormones have been linked to acne:  the androgens testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and dihydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), as well as insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1).

Genetic

The tendency to develop acne runs in families.

Psychological – stress

Increased acne severity is significantly associated with increase stress levels.

Infectious

Bacteria in the pores.

Diet

A high glycemic load diet and cow’s milk have been associated with worsening acne. Other associations may be chocolate and salt.

Pigmentation scars can be avoided by preventing aggravation of the nodule or cyst.

Cause: hormonal, genetic, psychological, infectious, diet

Development of acne vulgaris in later years is uncommon, although this is the age group for rosacea, which may have similar appearances. True acne vulgaris in adult women may be a feature of an underlying condition such as pregnancy and disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome or the rare Cushing’s syndrome.  Menopause-associated acne occurs as production of the natural anti-acne ovarian hormone estradiol fails at menopause.

Management

Many different treatments exist for acne such as medications (topical and oral), phototherapy, and laser.

We created a successful program to treat mild to severe cases of acne.  This program includes 4 basic steps:  preventing blockage of the pores, killing the bacterium, reducing inflammation, and preventing scar formation.  Most of our products are derived from herbs and natural antibiotics for topical use.

  • Royal Wash
  • Bee Pollen
  • Pore Cleanser
  • Micropeel
  • Eucalyptus Wash
  • G/A Acid
  • Dry Lotion
  • 3-Way Acid Solution

It normally causes just dryness of the skin, slight redness and occasionally peeling as part of side effects.  Aside from scarring, its main effects are psychological, such as self-esteem, depression or suicide.  Early and aggressive treatment is, therefore,  advocated by some to lessen the overall impact to individuals.

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